Linen - History & Characteristics

Linen History

It is known that, among other things, in Egypt, Mesopotamia and Phoenicians were systematically processed prior years from 6000 to 7000 lines. Egyptian mummies are wrapped in linen strips. Perhaps the linen processing existed before 10 000 years ago.

From the Greek and Roman antiquity to the Middle Ages in Europe next Linen Wool was the material for clothing. Its heyday was the linen in the pre-industrial Europe. When cotton was imported in large quantities was not, linen (besides a few exceptions) the only vegetable fiber. By the end of the 18th Century, 18% of the processed fiber from flax and 78% wool.

In the Middle Ages linen was (as opposed to wool) property used by the dirt preference for body use, because of its strength for substance tanks. Since it was difficult to stain, predominantly in pale shades, opaque and dark shades were expensive.

Linen was processed for a long time only by hand, and later industrial methods were added. Until the 20th Century woven homespun, but also mechanically meditative yarn on handlooms in their homes. The linen was processed mainly in Ireland, Holland, Westphalia, Saxony, Silesia and Bohemia.

Linen Characteristics
  • Linen is hygienic - The linen fabric is smooth and the linen fabric includes a little air, it is lint-free cloth and less susceptible to dirt and bacteria. The fiber is bacteriocidally by nature, almost anti-static and dust repellent.
  • Linen absorbs humidity - Linen can absorb up to 35% humidity and moisture too quickly from these exchanges with the ambient air.
  • Linen ensures good heat transfer - especially in hot weather it is advisable breathable clothing made of natural materials to wear. Linen fabrics have still another property, they moisturize. Several studies conducted in Central Asia have shown that was measured in people with linen garments, at 3-4 ° lower temperature on the skin surface.
  • Linen neutralizes odors - in the production of shoes and inserts are often made from linen liner. Due to its antibacterial and water-quality cloth provides a lower moisture, prevents the development of bacteria and absorbs odors.
  • Linen is for eternity - The linen fiber is extremely tear-resistant and extremely inelastic. The tensile strength makes it durable and long lasting lines. For the purchase of linen products you can therefore rely on its durability. Linen is strong and must not, like cotton nachgestärkt. It has natural shine and strength. For example, your linen sheets will not yellow with time, after each wash, it will only softer and whiter.